What is Space? A continuous area or expanse or an infinite extension. Universe has been expanding since its creation in the Big Bang about 14 billion years ago. To get back to basics, our Solar System consists of our star – the Sun, and its orbiting planets (including Earth), along with numerous satellites, moons, asteroids, comets, rocks and dust. Our Solar System is a tiny grain of sand in our Galaxy, Milky Way. The Universe is full of galaxies – billions of them!
This infinite universe is too much for my little brain, so I decided to focus on something finite in our Solar System, Earth’s only natural satellite – The Moon (or Luna). My right and left brain often argue with each other till they reach a conclusion. One of the arguments which those two had was on the United States’ Apollo 11 – the first manned mission to land on the Moon. There have been total six manned US landings (between 1969 and 1972) and numerous unmanned landings, with no soft landings happening from 22 August 1976 till date.
Right brain – I have been reading about this hoax moon landing theories. It’s really sad to see these allegations on NASA despite the fact that thousands of people put in efforts to achieve this incredible success. As it is said, the greater the achievement, the more likely people aren’t going to believe you did it.
Left brain – If you ask me, I don’t deny the efforts put in but the photographs and videos shared by NASA have fallacies. The video is indeed an elaborate forgery which includes anomalies such as the appearance of multiple sources of light in the footage, the flag planted by Armstrong seems to be waving in an environment with no wind (there is vacuum on moon), there does not appear to be an impact on crater from the lunar landing module, unexplainable objects appear in reflection on helmet visors, the unusual slow-motion effect of the astronauts walking on the lunar surface, the lack of visible stars in the background, and more.
Right brain – Hmmm…May be NASA did not want to share original pictures or videos with the world. But, that does not mean the Rocket never launched from the Earth’s surface or landed on moon.
Left brain – I don’t deny the Rocket launching from the surface of Earth. But I have my apprehensions on the Rocket landing and thereafter taking-off from Moon and landing safely on Earth.
The Van Allen Belt (‘VAB’)
Between the earth and the Moon there is a radiation belt known as the VAB. In order for the Apollo, or any lunar mission, to be successful, the equipment and crew aboard the spacecraft would have to be adequately shielded from exposure of this intense radiation surrounding planet earth. The inner belt extends from 1,000 kms to 6,000 km above the Earth whereas the outer belt extends from 13,000 to 60,000 kms. Almost 50 years later NASA’s Orion mission is apparently just now trying to solve the challenge of VAB.
Mind you, the International Space Station (‘ISS’) is 400 kms away i.e. much below the VAB.
Launch and Landing
You’re forgetting that there was no atmosphere to push through for the launch from the Moon’s surface. Therefore, no friction was possible at all on the lunar land.
Don’t forget that the average temperature on the Moon (at the equator and mid latitudes) varies from -183 degrees Celsius, at night, to 106 degrees Celsius during the day.
One cannot step on a +120°C hot ground of any kind in vacuum without heating up protective gear and getting burnt. Also, nothing will burn on the Moon as there is no atmosphere there. But astronauts will boil inside their space suits. And the open car will be pretty hot to sit in. Movement is so difficult in a vacuum (try bringing your fingers together after putting our hand in a vacuum). Anyway, the astronauts had no problems to handle cameras and click on their buttons and push the handles with their “magic” gloves on.
Also, it is not possible to get away from Earth, land on and take off from the Moon and later make a re-entry and land on Earth again using a thin plate capsule after any space trip – you are too heavy to start with and going too fast and you will simply burn up as you cannot brake or reduce speed in the strong gravity field pulling you down.
Right Brain – Okay, so they never landed on Moon according to you. But what could be the reason for making this hoax about landing on Moon?
Left Brain – Let me ask a counter question? With the exponential leap in technology, why aren’t they now flying up to the Moon?
Right Brain – Why don’t you answer this question too as you appear to be thinking logically unlike me who is a bit emotional and goes by what I see?
Left Brain – I have given enough reasons above. To conclude, I believe Space is an infinite unconquerable territory……..
Right Brain – Okay, Okay. I don’t want to argue with you. Not because I am scared of losing, but because I am happy with believing what I have been told. I don’t want to give up the thoughts of walking on the beautiful shiny object in the sky on a full moon night.
Left Brain – But if you are doing that, you are living in illusions and fantasy world.
Right Brain – Oh, Come on Lefty. If you are so intelligent, just tell me space is made up of what? You cannot tell me that it’s made up of matter, energy, gravity, particles, strings!! But then you see it’s there. It is made up of what, you Einstein?
Left Brain – Dear Me! I can’t answer that. I accept defeat. Space is indeed not only an infinite unconquerable territory, but an unknown stuff. Never thought of that. I lose.
Right Brain – Good for you! Just to think of it….Who created space? The absence. The void. The emptiness. Is it a Big Bang remnant too?
Left Brain – Mom is calling me. I feel hungry….Bye bye, Rightie.
Cheers – Lubna